Psychosocial support to girls and boys vulnerable to child marriage and violent discipline/Children, adolescents, caregivers and vulnerable population psychosocial well-being (including in COVID-19 context) improved through services
Almost every child in Nepal suffers violence – be it child marriage or violent discipline. Around 52% girls are married by age 18 compared to 19% boys (NDHS, 2016).Violent discipline (physical punishment or psychological aggression) affects 82 per cent of children aged between 1 and 14 years in Nepal (MICS, 2014). Over 50% of students aged 13-15 years reported being bullied on one or more days during the 30 days before the survey (Aryal et al., 2017). This violent discipline is inflicted upon children by parents and caregivers who have insufficient skills regarding positive disciplining techniques.
What child brides and grooms have in common with children who suffer violence is that these children are more likely to drop out of school and suffer from psychological distress. The school setting can offer the answer to both issues. Ensuring retention of children in school is one of the most effective strategies to end child marriage. And to ensure students stay in school the school needs to be gender-sensitive and free from violence, including corporal punishment. Initially, the major activities of this project include capacity building of the teachers, advocacy level activities, community sensitization and increased access to psychosocial support to the children.
With declaration of COVID-19 as a global pandemic, this project has been extended to provide the psychosocial support to all the people from 14 districts of Nepal. With Nepal lying adjacent to China, the origin of pandemic, and having a large number of migrant workers travelling abroad and foreign internationals coming to the country daily, the country has been categorized as amongst the high risk countries assuming owing to low-resource setting and poor contingency plan.
- Individual psychosocial counseling provided to a total of 5672 people
- Anger, stress management and self-care sessions conducted with children in child correction homes in Bhaktapur and Birgunj
- Workshop conducted to advocate with the local governments for the integration of psychosocial support activities in their work plans
- Coordination meeting between Community Psychosocial Workers (CPSWs), Counselors and mental health specialist to enhance the linkage between CPSWs, counselors and mental health specialist.
- A 3-day Care for Caregivers (CFC) workshop conducted for the emotional well-being of frontline workers and people working in mental health and psychosocial support
- Basic psychosocial support training provided to a total of 38 teachers from different districts in Madhesh Province
Province Two: Dhanusa, Mahottari, Rautahat and Parsa
Bagmati Province: Sindhupalchowk & Kathmandu Valley
Lumbini Province: Rupandehi, Banke and Bardiya (only April-Sept, 2020)
Karnali Province: Surkhet, Kalikot, Dailekh and Jumla
Sudurpaschim Province: Kalilali and Kanchanpur
Timeframe: October 2020 to December 2021
Supported by: UNICEF