Gender inequality in the global mental health research workforce: a research authorship scoping review and qualitative study in Nepal

Dristy Gurung, Manaswi Sangraula, Prasansa Subba, Anubhuti Poudyal, Shelly Mishra, Brandon A Kohrt

BMJ Global Health

Published on: 8 December 2021

Introduction: Although women’s health is prioritised in global research, few studies have identified structural barriers and strategies to promote female leadership and gender equality in the global health research workforce, especially in low-income and middle-income countries.

Methods: We conducted a mixed-methods study to evaluate gender equality in the mental health research workforce in Nepal. The scoping review assessed gender disparities in authorship of journal publications for Nepal mental health research, using databases (PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science, NepJol, NepMed) for 5 years. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 22 Nepali researchers to identify structural barriers limiting women’s leadership.

Results: Of 337 articles identified, 61% were by Nepali first authors. Among Nepali first authors, 38.3% were women. Nepali women had half the odds of being first authors compared with men, when referenced against non-Nepali authors (OR 0.50, 95% CI 1.30 to 3.16). When limiting publications to those based on funded research, the odds were worse for first authorship among Nepali women (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.71). The qualitative analysis supported the scoping review and identified a lack of gender-friendly organizational policies, difficulties in communication and mobility, and limited opportunities for networking as barriers to women’s leadership in global health research.

Conclusion: Efforts are needed for greater representation of Nepali women in global mental health research, which will require transformative organizational policies to foster female leadership. Those in leadership need to recognize gender inequalities and take necessary steps to address them. Funding agencies should prioritise supporting organisations with gender equality task forces, policies and indicators.

Head Office
  • Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • G.P.O Box 8974/C.P.C. Box 612
  • +977-01-4531717/4537124/4524082
Toll Free Number
1660 010 2005
हरेक दिन बिहान ८ बजे देखि साझ ६ बजे सम्म !! COVID-19 को मनोसामाजिक प्रभाव !!

यदि मनसँग सम्बन्धित समस्या भएमा मनोसामाजिक सहयोग तथा परामर्शका लागि यो नम्बरमा सम्पर्क गर्न सक्नुहुनेछ। NTC बाट यस नम्बरमा फोन गर्दा कुनै शुल्क लाग्दैन।

Every Day Form 8 AM to 6 PM COVID-19, Psychosocial Impact !!

Please call this number for psychosocial support and counseling/consultation. You can call this number free of cost from Nepal Telecom network.

Subscribe Us

    Connect With Us